Mechanisms of injury included 69 blast (76%), 14 gunshot wounds (15%), 4 motor vehicle accidents (4.5%), and 4 “”other”" (4.5%). Direct see more injury to the pelvis was penetrating in 60 (66%) and blunt in 31 (34%). Large pelvic vessel injury was observed more frequently in penetrating pelvic injuries (27%) than blunt injuries (3%). Hollow viscus abdominal injuries were more common in those with penetrating (57%) than blunt injuries (10%). There was an inverse relationship
with intra-abdominal, solid organ injuries (blunt, 81%; penetrating, 55%). Head injuries were also more common in blunt pelvic injuries (blunt, 68%; penetrating, 45%), as were cardiopulmonary injuries (blunt, 84%, penetrating injuries, 57%).
Conclusions: Large pelvic vessel and hollow viscus injuries occur more frequently in penetrating combat-related pelvic fractures, whereas intra-abdominal solid organ, head, and cardiopulmonary injuries are more common in blunt pelvic injuries.”
“The histogenesis of melanocytic selleck chemicals nevi is poorly understood. It
is important to determine the differences and similarities in histogenesis between congenital and acquired nevi. To clarify the histogenic differences between acquired melanocytic nevi (AMN) and congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN), diameter and depth of nevus cells (tumor thickness) were examined in histological specimens from 80 cases of CMN and 71 cases of AMN, and these nevi were classified according to Mark’s pathological CMN criteria. In all cases, giant CMN nevus cells were found in the lower marginal portion of excised specimens. The mean diameter and lesional thickness were significantly higher in CMN than in AMN. AMN diameter showed a significant correlation (r = 0.567, P < 0.05) with lesional thickness, while no such relation was observed in CMN. In addition, a significant correlation between lesion diameter and thickness was observed in small (< 10 mm)
non-Mark’s type CMN (r = 0.626, P < 0.05). CMN may be classified into three subtypes: (i) caused by increased proliferation of melanoblasts during the course of migration from the neural crest to the epidermis; (ii) proliferation of nevus cells after arrival at the epidermis, and nevus cell distribution affected by adnexa and dermal differentiation; and (iii) arising after completion of click here skin development before birth.”
“To highlight recent progress in understanding the pattern of follicular wave emergence of human menstrual cycle, providing a brief overview of the new options for human ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval by making full use of follicular physiological waves of the patients either with normal or abnormal ovarian reserve.
Literature review and editorial commentary.
There has been increasing evidence to suggest that multiple (two or three) antral follicular waves are recruited during human menstrual cycle.