We analyzed urea-solubilized proteins by 2-DE/MS (data set 2-DE) and by 1-DE-LC/MS (Supprot); proteins insoluble in 9 M urea but solubilized by SDS (Pellet); proteins precipitating in the Sephadex layer at the application side of IEF (Sephadex) by 1-DE-LC/MS; and proteins precipitating close to the application side within the IEF gel by LC/MS (Startline). The experimental proteomics data of H. pylori comprising 567 proteins (protein coverage: 36.6%) were stored in the Proteome Database A-1331852 in vitro System for Microbial Research (http://www.mpiib-berlin.mpg.de/2D-PAGE/), which gives access to
raw mass spectra (MALDI-TOF/TOF) in T2D format, as well as to text files of peak lists. For data mining the protein mapping and comparison tool PROMPT (http://webclu.bio.wzw.tum.de/prompt/) was used. The percentage of proteins with transmembrane regions, relative to all proteins detected, was 0, 0.2, 0, 0.5, 3.8 and 6.3% for 2-DE, Supprot, Startline, Sephadex, Pellet, and Etalon, respectively. Z-DEVD-FMK in vivo 2-DE does not separate membrane proteins because they are insoluble in 9 M urea/70 mM DTT and 2% CHAPS. SDS solubilizes a considerable portion of the urea-insoluble proteins and makes them accessible for separation by SDS-PAGE and LC. The 2-DE/MS analysis with urea-solubilized proteins and the 1-DE-LC/MS analysis with the urea-insoluble protein fraction (Pellet)
are complementary procedures in the pursuit Selleck Cisplatin of a complete proteome analysis. Access to the PROMPT-generated diagrams in the Proteome Database allows the
mining of experimental data with respect to other functional aspects.”
“Introduction: Longitudinal changes of 4′-[methyl-C-11]thiothymidine ([C-11]DST) uptake were evaluated in turpentine-induced inflammation.
Methods: Turpentine (0.1 ml) was injected intramuscularly into the right hind leg of male Wistar rats. Longitudinal [C-11]4DST uptake was evaluated by the tissue dissection method at 1, 2, 4, 7, and 14 days after turpentine injection (n=5). The tumor selectivity index was calculated using the previously published biodistribution data in C6 glioma-bearing rats. Dynamic PET scan was performed on day 4 when maximum [C-11]4DST uptake was observed during the longitudinal study. Histopathological analysis and Ki-67 immunostaining were also performed.
Results: The uptake of [C-11]4DST in inflammatory tissue was significantly increased on days 2-4 after turpentine injection, and then decreased. On day 14, tracer uptake returned to the day 1 level. The maximum SUV of inflamed muscle was 0.6 and was 3 times higher than that of the contralateral healthy muscle on days 2-4 after turpentine injection. However, tumor selectivity index remains very high (>10) because of the low inflammation uptake.