The randomization scheme was kept unavailable to the bioanalytical division until completion of the clinical and analytical phases. 2.4 Drug Analysis A dead-volume intravenous catheter was used for www.selleckchem.com/products/tubastatin-a.html blood collection, which occurred prior to drug administration and 0.167, 0.333, 0.500, 0.750, 1.00, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75, 2.00, 3.00, 4.00, 6.00, 8.00, 12.0, 24.0 and 48.0 hours post-dose in each period. Actual sampling times were used in the statistical analyses. Blood samples were cooled in an ice bath and were centrifuged at 3,000 rpm (corresponding to approximately 1,900 g) for at least 10 minutes at approximately 4 °C (no more than 110 minutes passed
between the time of each blood draw and the start of centrifugation). The aliquots were transferred to a −20 °C freezer, pending transfer to the bioanalytical facility. 2.5 Pharmacokinetic Analysis Pharmacokinetic analyses were performed using Pharsight® Knowledgebase ServerTM (version 4.0.2)
and WinNonlin® (version 5.3), which are validated for bioequivalence/bioavailability studies by Inventive Health. Inferential statistical analyses were performed using SAS® (release 9.2) according to the Food and drug Administration (FDA), Health Product and Food Branch of Health Canada and European Medicines Agency (EMA) guidance. The number of observations (N), mean, standard click here deviation (SD), CV%, range (minimum and maximum), median and geometric mean were calculated for plasma concentrations of ibandronic acid for each sampling time and treatment. These descriptive statistics were also presented for the AUC from time zero
to time of the last non-zero concentration Ponatinib (AUC0–t ), the AUC from time zero to infinity (extrapolated) (AUC0–inf), the C max, the residual area calculated through the equation (1 − AUC0–t /AUC0–inf) × 100 %, time to C max (T max), the T ½ el and the elimination rate constant (K el). The AUC0–t was calculated using the linear trapezoidal rule. AUC0–inf was calculated through the following equation: AUC0–t + (C t /K el), where C t is the fitted last non-zero concentration for that treatment. 2.6 Safety Analysis Adverse events were listed and coded using Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA®), version 15.0. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were summarized descriptively in the safety population, and were tabulated by learn more treatment group, system organ class, preferred term, causality and severity. 2.7 Statistical Analysis For the purpose of statistical analyses, the safety population included the subjects who received at least one dose of the investigational medicinal product whereas the pharmacokinetic population included the subjects who completed at least two periods including one period with test formulation and other with the reference formulation and for whom the pharmacokinetic profile was characterized. Pharmacokinetic parameters were summarized by treatment.