(C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“It has been reported that mature adipocyte-derived dedifferentiated fat (DFAT) cells show multilineage differentiation potential similar to that
observed in mesenchymal stem cells. Since DFAT cells can be prepared from a small quantity of adipose tissue, they could facilitate cell-based therapies in small companion animals such as cats. The present study examined whether multipotent DFAT cells can be generated from feline adipose tissue, and the properties of DFAT cells were compared with those of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). DFAT cells and ASCs were prepared from the floating mature adipocyte fraction and the stromal vascular fraction, respectively, of collagenase-digested feline omental adipose tissue. Epacadostat price selleck compound Both cell types were evaluated for growth kinetics, colony-forming unit fibroblast (CFU-F) frequency, immunophenotypic properties, and multilineage differentiation potential.
DFAT cells and ASCs could be generated from approximately 1 g of adipose tissue and were grown and subcultured on laminin-coated dishes. The frequency of CFU-Fs in DFAT cells (35.8%) was significantly higher than that in ASCs (20.8%) at passage 1 (P1). DFAT cells and ASCs displayed similar immunophenotypes (CD44(+), CD90(+), CD105(+), CD14(-), CD34(-) and CD45(-)). Alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive cells were learn more readily detected in ASCs (15.2 +/- 7.2%) but were rare in DFAT cells (2.2 +/- 3.2%) at P1. Both cell types exhibited adipogenic, osteogenic, chondrogenic, and smooth muscle cell differentiation potential in vitro. In conclusion, feline DFAT cells exhibited similar properties to ASCs but displayed higher CPU-F frequency and greater homogeneity. DFAT cells, like ASCs, may be an attractive source for cell-based therapies in cats. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) mediating the cellular uptake of many endogenous and exogenous chemicals, including
drugs in clinical use, play an important role in drug absorption, distribution, excretion and metabolism. At present, more and more cardiovascular agents have been found as substrates of OATPs. Multiple drugs are often used in combination for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, it is necessary to review the role of OATPs in pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions of cardiovascular agents. This review summarizes the findings of recent studies, as well as information obtained from several databases: ISI Web of Knowledge, SciFinder and PubMed. It provides a baseline on the level of evidence available on the role of OATPs in pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions of cardiovascular agents, and should be of help to those intending to research further on these topics.