95Co0.05O3) S63845 ic50 thin films, a ferromagnetic
response can be gradually introduced and tuned. These results, together with the measured anisotropy of the magnetic response, indicate that the unexpected observation of ferromagnetism in orthorhombic o-RMnO3 (R=Y, Ho, Tb, etc.) films originates from strain-driven breaking of the fully compensated magnetic ordering by pushing magnetic moments away from the antiferromagnetic  axis. We show that the resulting canting angle and the subsequent ferromagnetic response, gradually increase (up to similar to 1.2 degrees) by compression of the unit cell. We will discuss the relevance of these findings, in connection to the magnetoelectric response of orthorhombic manganites. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3514575]“
“PURPOSE: To evaluate photopic and mesopic color discrimination in patients with different types of light-filtering intraocular lenses (IOLs).
SETTING: Peking University Third Hospital, Peking University Eye Center, Beijing, China.
METHODS: Cataract patients with different types of IOLs were enrolled 3 months Selleck MAPK inhibitor postoperatively. Overall and partial color discrimination under photopic (1000 lux) and mesopic
(40 lux) conditions were evaluated with the Farnsworth-Munsell (FM) 100-hue test. Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was tested under both conditions. Subjective visual quality was assessed with the 25-item National check details Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25).
The study evaluated 43 patients with a blue light filtering IOL (15 photochromic, 13 yellow tinted) or an IOL filtering ultraviolet light only (n = 15). The difference in the FM 100-hue total error scores under photopic or mesopic conditions was not statistically significant between groups. There were no statistically significant differences in partial error scores in the 10 bands of the FM 100-hue color circle under photopic conditions. Under mesopic condition, there were statistically significant differences in partial error scores in the green to blue green band (color caps 36 to 46) and the blue green to blue band (color caps 46 to 54) (P = .005 and P = .030, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences in mean overall or subheading NEI VFQ-25 scores.
CONCLUSIONS: Filtering blue lights under mesopic conditions seemed to modify color discrimination in the green-to-blue bands postoperatively. The modification did not disturb overall color discrimination or cause subjective discomfort.”
“Laparoscopic sacral colpoperineopexy (LSCP) involves posterior graft extension to the perineum for improved posterior support. The objective of this study was to determine whether posterior measurements differed between those that had graft extension done abdominally (A-LSCP) or abdomino-vaginally (AV-LSCP).