670 m, on decorticated branches of Sambucus nigra 1–2 cm thick in

670 m, on decorticated click here branches of Sambucus nigra 1–2 cm thick in leaf debris, 21 Nov. 2009, H. Voglmayr & W. Jaklitsch (WU 30191, culture S 94 = CBS 126958). Notes: Hypocrea sambuci is well characterised by its occurrence on decorticated branches of Sambucus nigra, by minute fresh stromata that appear waxy or gelatinous, similar to those of H. tremelloides, and flat pulvinate to discoid dry stromata that often look like a miniature of H. subalpina. H. tremelloides differs e.g. by incarnate stromata that are typically densely aggregated in large

groups, and by faster growth at higher temperatures. Stromata of H. sambuci are usually accompanied by different green-conidial species of Trichoderma, such as T. harzianum or T. cerinum. Several attempts to prepare a culture under standard conditions failed, because the germ tubes died shortly after germination. Only one specimen (WU 29103) yielded an unstable culture (C.P.K. 3718) upon ascospore isolation Epigenetics inhibitor on CMD at 20°C. The short description above is based on this culture. Conidiophores are similar to those of T. tremelloides, albeit somehow simpler and more regular in structure than the latter. It has not Lazertinib solubility dmso yet been possible to obtain the sequence of tef1 introns of H. sambuci, due to priming issues. Other sequences were obtained using DNA extracted from stromata (WU 29467) and from the culture C.P.K. 3718. ITS, rpb2 and tef1

exon sequences show that H. sambuci is phylogenetically distinct from, but closely related to, H. tremelloides. Hypocrea schweinitzii (Fr. : Fr.) Sacc., Syll. Fung. 2: 522 (1883a). Fig. 94 Fig. 94 Teleomorph of Hypocrea schweinitzii. a–c. Fresh stromata (a. immature).

d, e, g–j. Dry stromata (d, e. immature; e. with anamorph; i. stroma initial). Benzatropine f, k. Rehydrated stromata (f. in section; k. in face view). l. Stroma surface in face view. m. Perithecium in section. n. Cortical and subcortical tissue in section. o. Subperithecial tissue in section. p. Non-attached stroma base in section. q–t. Asci with ascospores (s, t. in cotton blue/lactic acid). a. WU 29473. b, c, r. WU 29471. d, e. WU 29472. g. WU 29476. h, i. WU 29475. k–q, s. WU 29470. f, j. PRM (leg. Pouzar). t. WU 29474. Scale bars: a, e–g = 1 mm. b, i, k = 0.7 mm. c, d = 1.5 mm. h = 0.4 mm. j = 2.5 mm. l = 10 μm. m = 20 μm. n–p = 15 μm. q–t = 5 μm ≡ Sphaeria schweinitzii Fr. : Fr., Elench. Fungorum 2: 60 (1828). = Sphaeria rigens Fr., Elench. Fung. 2: 61 (1828). ≡ Hypocrea rigens (Fr. : Fr.) Sacc., Michelia 1: 301 (1878). = Sphaeria lenta Schwein., Schriften Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 4 (1822). = Sphaeria contorta Schwein., Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. II, 4(2): 194 (1832). ≡ Hypocrea contorta (Schwein.) Berk. & M.A. Curtis, Grevillea 4: 14 (1875). = Hypocrea atrata P. Karst., Mycol. Fenn. 2: 207 (1873). = Hypocrea repanda Fuckel, Symb. Mycol. Nachtr. 1: 312, 3: 23 (1871). = Hypocrea rufa * umbrina Sacc., Atti Soc. Venet.-Trent. Sci. Nat., Padova 4: 124 (1875).

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